Why Physical Therapy Can Be Prescribed for Recovery?
A cool little history behind Physical therapy, commonly referred to as PT, it became popular within the United States after World War 2. It began as a form of physiotherapy used to help soldiers who had returned from the war with various injuries. Physical therapy has now grown to include several sub-specialties. These include specialties for sports, ergonomic modification, orthopedic, and chronic pain. The goal of physical therapy is to assist patients in getting back to their normal lives as soon as possible.
Understanding Physical Therapy
Therapeutic exercises and passive modalities are performed on patients to rehabilitate various parts of the body, including the spine. Heat or cold therapy is one example of passive modalities, as is electrical stimulation. Therapists may use massage and joint mobilization during a session, or they may apply electrical stimulation (often referred to as a tens unit) to the affected area.
However, there is more to PT than passive modalities. Therapeutic exercise includes various stretching and strengthening exercises that help patients deal with pain and prevent additional injuries.
Using PT Today
Physical therapy exists to help patients of all ages return to an active life as quickly as possible following an injury, surgery, or problem. A therapist will try to help the patient become more mobile and flexible during sessions. PT should reduce pain and increase strength in the affected area. It can also help with posture.
Many patients are prescribed PT after spine surgery. It is also used for nerve inflammation or injury, arthritis, muscle spasms, soft tissue trauma, and fractures.
Another key component of physical therapy is patient education. Patients will be taught how their spine works, the benefits of having good posture, and common medical problems that could require PT to fix. Physical therapists will also push the importance of regular activity and a healthy diet.
What Will a PT Do?
A physical therapist will first talk with their patient and evaluate their current condition. To do so they will test muscle strength, joint motion, reflexes, and cardiovascular function. Most patients are referred to a physical therapist by their doctor. After the therapist has all the necessary information, they will put together a comprehensive treatment plan that will be geared towards the patient’s goals.
What is a Session Like?
A physical therapy session should not be painful, but it can be somewhat uncomfortable. A therapist will do what they can to minimize any pain felt during the session. Some sessions last a half an hour while others may last an hour. How long the sessions last, and how many are needed, will depend on the individual patient.